Rpm

  • List all installed packages:

    $ rpm -qa
    
  • Get the list of all installed packages and their architecture:

    $ rpm -qa --queryformat "%-40{NAME} %-8{ARCH}\n"
    
  • Same as above, but show i586 packages only:

    $ rpm -qa --queryformat "%-40{NAME} %-8{ARCH}\n" | grep i586
    
  • Downgrade a package to an old version:

    $ wget ftp://ftp.repository.org/mandrakelinux/official/10.0/package-1.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
    $ rpm -Uvh --oldpackage package-1.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
    
  • Unpack/Deflate/Extract a RPM without installing it:

    $ rpm2cpio dummy.src.rpm | cpio -id
    
  • Evaluate %mkrel 3 rpm macro:

    $ rpm --eval '%mkrel 3'
    
  • Force removal of a package that has problems with embedded “pre-” and/or “post-” scripts:

    $ rpm -e --noscripts packagename
    

Urpmi

  • List all available packages with name containing python:

    $ urpmq --fuzzy python
    
  • Find which RPM contain the file named dummy:

    $ urpmf dummy
    
  • Get informations about the dummy RPM:

    $ urpmq -i dummy
    
  • Get the list of all RPMs that require python-psyco package:

    $ urpmf --requires python-psyco
    
  • Get the list of all RPMs that provide python-psyco package:

    $ urpmf --provides python-psyco
    
  • I use this command in a cron entry to update automatically and regularly my Mandriva:

    $ /usr/sbin/urpmi.update -a && /usr/sbin/urpmi --update --auto --auto-select
    
  • Generate urpmi repository index and metadata of the current folder:

    $ genhdlist ./
    
  • APT/URPMI commands list

Yum

  • Install a new package:

    $ yum install subversion
    
  • Search for packages containing the x11 string:

    $ yum search x11
    
  • Get the list of packages that provide Python’s Subversion bindings:

    $ yum provides "*/svn/__init__.py"
    
  • Update repository index:

    $ yum update
    
  • Clear all caches (sometimes required to force a repository index update):

    $ yum clean all
    
  • Generate Yum repository index and metadata of the current folder:

    $ createrepo -v ./
    

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